Inducing plasma in biomass could make biogas easier to produce

The plasma chamber in the experimental reactor setup, where 2-kilowatt microwave pulses are applied to a model stand-in for biomass, a recirculating carboxymethyl cellulose solution. Plasma induction in the material resulted in reduced viscosity, and ....

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Starspots: Revving up the variability of solar-like stars

Credit: MPS/Taylan Ayık In cosmic comparison, the Sun is a bore. While the brightness of some other stars with similar characteristics fluctuates strongly, the Sun's variations are much more moderate. Scientists from the Max Planck ....

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Newly-described fossils reveal an ancient origin for New Zealand penguins

The dawn crested penguin Eudyptes atatu in New Zealand, three million years ago. Image by Simone Giovanardi. Permission for use of the image for a press release is granted by the artist. Credit: Massey University ....

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Scientists propose possible mechanisms to explain coronal mini-jets in activated tornado-like prominence

Small-scale UV jets in an activated tornado-like prominence observed by spacecraft IRIS and SDO. Credit: CHEN Huadong Solar jets are a common phenomenon in the solar atmosphere. They mainly appear as transient collimated plasma ejections. Some ....

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Velcro method for more precise binding of drug particles

TU/e researchers prove selectivity based on number of receptors on the cell walls. Credit: TU Eindhoven In order to deliver drug particles to the right place in the body—a field known as nanomedicine—selectivity plays an ....

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Q&A: Harnessing sound to better monitor aging pipeline infrastructure

Animation showing focusing of L(0,2) pipe mode along a 4-inch pipe with GRIN lens. Credit: Tol Lab Underground pipelines, some as old as the cities they service, are often far past their intended lifespan and ....

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